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Aircraft instrument panel restoration

Lockheed T-33A USAF "Shooting Star" trainer aircraft front and rear cockpit instrument panels


The T-33 aircraft

The T-33 was used as a trainer aircraft for the USAF and was derived from the Lockheed P-80C "Shooting Star" jet fighter (later redesignated to F-80). This was the first operational jet fighter of the USAAF and the A version (P-80A) flew for the first time in 1944. The P-80 was phased out of service shortly after the Korean war. The T-33A trainer derived from the one-seater P-80C was also called the TF-80C. The F-94A and F-94B "Starfire" all-weather fighters were derived in 1949 from the T-33A (see picture at lower right below). The Dutch Air Force also used T-33 aircraft for jet training. Some pictures of this aircraft are shown in the gallery below, together with a picture of an F-94C (information Rob West) and one of an F-84 panel, which contained similar instruments as the T-33.

USAF T-33 Nose art starboard side   Lucky Strike T-33 nose art port side
Port and starboard side nose art on a USAF T-33 that was stationed in Germany, BuNo unknown. Nose section was salvaged from a scrap yard. It is being restored by Andreas Bauer, who kindly provided these pictures.

If you want to comment on this page or have T-33 cockpit or other images available, please contact me by e-mail at maartenwaterloo@netscape.net.

USAF T-33 Nose section restoration by Andreas Bauer

Andreas Bauer recently acquired a nose section of a USAF T-33 from a scrap yard in Germany. Below are some images of the present condition of this section.

USAF T-33 Nose section
Nose section of a USAF T-33 that was stationed in Germany. Photo courtesy of Andreas Bauer.

Image gallery

This gallery contains pictures of T-33 aircrafts of the Dutch Air Force. Some of these pictures were used for aircraft recognition purposes. There is an image of an American T-33 and of a T-33 instrument panel that has been used for training purposes at a Dutch Flight School. In one of the lower rows, an F-94C Starfire is shown, as well as a picture of an F-84 instrument panel, which contains similar instrumentation as used in the T-33. I also included scans of the instrument panels as shown in different T-33 flight manuals. Larger images can be viewed by clicking on the images. Note: the typical size of the larger images is between the 100-200 Kb.

Dutch T-33 in flight Dutch T-33 in flight
Two dutch T-33 in flight Formation of dutch T-33 aircraft Formation of dutch T-33 aircraft
Dutch T-33s in flight Dutch T-33 being serviced
Dutch T-33
T-33 going vertical
T-33 seen from below
American T-33 in flight
Dutch T-33 in flight
Dutch T-33
Canadian T-33
Dutch T-33 in formation
T-33 flying in formation
F-94C Starfire
F-94 Starfire
C-11 link trainer panel
C-11 Link trainer panel
T-33 panel Leon Sleegers
T-33 panel from Leon
Rear T-33 panel, Hoofddorp
T-33 at ROC Hoofddorp
F-84 instrument panel, Museum in France
F-84 displayed at Musee d'Aviation du Mas Palegry, France
T-33A cockpit, Mexican Air Force
Port view of T-33A cockpit from Mexican Air Force, previously RCAF (photo courtesy of Héctor Romo de Vivar L.). With K-14 gun sight.
T-33A cockpit, Mexican Air Force
Starboard view of T-33A cockpit from Mexican Air Force, previously RCAF (photo courtesy of Héctor Romo de Vivar L.).
T-33A instrument panel, Mexican Air Force
T-33A main panel from Mexican Air Force, previously RCAF (photo courtesy of Héctor Romo de Vivar L.).

USAF T-33 and Navy TV-2 cockpit versions
T-33 and TV-2 flight manual cover page
1952
Front main panel, type T-33-5 Rear instrument panel, T-33-5
T-33A and TV-2 flight manual cover page
1955
Front main panel, type T-33-5 and TV-2 Front main panel, type T-33-5
T-33A flight manual cover page
1960
Front main panel, type T-33-5 and TV-2 Front main panel, type T-33-5
Rear instrument panel, T-33A-5 T-33A flight manual cover page
1961
T-33 Front instrument panel, T-33-5
Rear instrument panel, T-33A-5 T-33A flight manual cover page
(1968 and) 1973
T-33A flight manual cover page
Side consoles, 1960
Front left panel, T-33-5
Front right panel, T-33-5 Rear left panel, T-33-5 Rear right panel, T-33-5

USAF Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star in advertising

The Lockheed T-33 featured in several advertisements, including those for the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company (Aviation Week, 16 February 1948) who produced the center glass windshield for the T-33, and for Lockheed (displayed together with P-80 Starfire, Neptune and Super Constellation in a 1952 advertisement). The colour advertisement shown below was from General Telephone and Electronics - Automatic Electric Company (AE) who produced telecommunications equipment. This ad was for a new computer that was called a jet engine simulator. It appeared in magazines in the early 1960s.

T-33 instrument panel in magazine advertisement
General Telephone and Electronics - Automatic Electric Company (AE) advertisement featuring a Lockheed USAF T-33 trainer aircraft instrument panel.

USAF T-33 Aircraft on display at the Veterans Memorial Park, Fort Garland, Colorado

John Busby sent me the picture below of a T-33 that is on display at the Veterans Memorial Park, Fort Garland, Colorado. The tail code of the aircraft is 8064. It was donated to Costilla County to serve as a tribute and memorial to all military veterans. This aircraft was previously on display at a private museum in Battle Mountain, Nevada. The aircraft is on display just south of U.S. Highway 160 and was installed on October 29, 2007, by Worldwide Aircraft Recovery, of Omaha, Nebraska.

T-33 at the Veterans Memorial Park, Fort Garland, Colorado
Lockheed USAF T-33 trainer aircraft displayed at the Veterans Memorial Park, Fort Garland, Colorado. Image made in April 2008 by John Busby.

T-33 Aircraft on display at Affligem, Belgium

Patrick Vanhamel pointed out to me that there is a Lockheed T-33 on display along the E-40/A-10 Brussels - Oostende highway, near the exit to Affligem (exit 19a not far from Brussels). The airplane is clearly visible from the highway when travelling in the direction of Gent. The aircraft rests in a field of car dealer P. Fouquaert and you can get quite close to it when you take the exit and drive towards Essene/Affligem. This Lockheed T-33 aircraft was used by the Belgian Air Force and had tail number FT-25 (BuNo. 53-5742). Apparantly it had an oxygen fire and was deemed beyond repairs and scrapped. The image below shows the aircraft as photographed by Tom Houquet in June 2004 (source www.airliners.net).

T-33 near Affligem, Belgium, June 2004
Lockheed T-33 trainer aircraft displayed along the E-40 highway  near Affligem, Belgium. Image made in June 2004 by Tom Houguet, source http://www.airliners.net.

The aircraft was already in a poor state in 2004 but is now literally falling apart. The burden of heavy snowfall on the wings in March 2006 has caused them to bend/break off the fuselage and both tiptanks are now resting on the soil. This aircraft would form a nice restoration project for someone with space, time and dedication.

T-33 near Affligem, Belgium, April 2006
The same T-33 aircraft at Affligem, Belgium. Photograph made on 15 April, 2006 by M.J. Waterloo.

Tail section of the FT-25 T-33 airplane, Affligem, April 2006
  Tailsection, T-33, Affligem, April 2006.
Nose section of the FT-25 T-33 airplane, Affligem, April 2006
Nose section starboard side, T-33, Affligem, April 2006.
Nose detail, T-33, Affligem, April 2006
Nose section port side, T-33 Affligem, April 2006.
Lockheed T-33, Affligem, Belgium
Front view detail, T-33 Affligem, Belgium.
T-33, Affligem, April 2006
Starboard view T-33, Affligem. April 2006.
T-33 front view, Affligem, April 2006.
Front view T-33, Affligem. April 2006.

Lockheed T-33 Front and rear instrument panels

Pictures of front and rear panels can be viewed below. The first one is the front "student" panel with black paint finish. This panel is nearly complete, only missing the "obtain course setting from other cockpit" warning light. The second one is the rear panel, which is complete, except for the lighting. You can click on the images to see larger versions.

T-33A front panel, Mexican Air Force
T-33A main panel and sub-panels from the Mexican Air Force, previously bought from the RCAF (photo courtesy of Héctor Romo de Vivar L.).

T-33 front panel
USAF T-33A front cockpit instrument panel
T-33A left sub-panel
USAF T-33A left sub-panel
T-33A-5 right sub-panel
USAF T-33A right sub-panel


T-33 rear panel
USAF T-33A rear cockpit instrument panel

T-33A left sub-panel
USAF T-33A left sub-panel
T-33A-5 right sub-panel
USAF T-33A right sub-panel

USAF T-33 Front instrument panel
USAF T-33A front pilot's instrument panel (Photograph: veaceonee).

Canadian CT-133 AUP Ejection seat test aircraft

Anthony is a technician on Boeing 757-200 aircraft for Continental Airlines in Newark, NJ. He bought a surplus Canadiar CT-133 AUP Ejection Seat Testbed aircraft from the Canadian DND and sent me the following picture of its front instrument panel (there is no backseat on this aircraft). He is always on the lookout for spares, especially for the Nene 10 engine of this aircraft. If you have any parts available, please contact me at maartenwaterloo@netscape.net and I will relay your message to him.

CT-133 front panel
Front cockpit instrument panel of a CT-133 AUP Ejection Seat Testbed aircraft with tail no. 133648. The avionics is modernised. Image courtesy of Anthony.

Instrument close-ups

For those of you would would like to try to complete a T-33 panel, I have included close-up images of some common instruments that were used in the T-33. Note that there have been a great variety of gauges used and this section just shows the ones that were available to me.

Primary flight performance and control instruments


The performance of the aircraft is determined by the pilot by reference of the altimeter, vertical velocity indicator, directional indicator, airspeed/mach indicator and turn and bank indicator. Aircraft control is monitored with the attitude (artificial horizon) and power (tachometer) instruments.

AAU-7 altimeter

Altimeter AAU-7-A, standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Made by Kollsman Instrument Corp.


AAU-32 altimeter

Altimeter AAU-32-A, standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Mounted against the front of the panel. This is presumably the altimeter shown in the picture from the manual above, used in later versions of the T-33.

Vertical speed indicator

Vertical speed indicator

Turn and bank

Turn and Slip Indicator, standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Electric. Fits in a standard 3 1/16" mounting hole. Mounted against the front of the panel.

V8 compass gauge
The directional indicator: a V-8 radio compass
Mach airspeed

Mach airspeed indicator (one of possible), standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Mounted against the front of the panel.

Mach airspeed Aerosonic

Airspeed indicator, Pitot-static type L-7A. Kollsman Instrument Corporation, USA. MFR's Part No. 1214CX-8-05. Standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Mounted against the front of the panel. I have one of these for sale, see my aviation sales web page.


T-33 Shooting Star Mach number indicator

Mach number airspeed indicator installed in the earlier T-33 versions, standard 3 1/4" hole diameter. Mounted against the front of the panel.

Attitude indicator J8

J8 Attitude indicator (Bendix Corp.), most of these J8 attitude indicators have a black sphere, as shown below. Powered by a three phase 115 V, 400 Hz power supply.


Attitude indicator J8

J8 Attitude indicator (Bendix Corp.). Powered by a three phase 115 V, 400 Hz power supply.


RPM gauge

Engine tachometer gauge, also called RPM gauge. Both the square type, shown here, and round versions were used.

Navigation instruments


These include the radio compass, the Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach indicators and the Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) indicator.

VOR/LOC gauge ID-249

ID-249 Course indicator including light fixture. Note that this indicator is slightly different from the ID-351 indicator. The diagonal distance between the lower right - upper left corner of the ID-249 course indicator is larger than that between the upper left.

DME gauge

ID-310 Distance Measurement Equipment (DME) indicator. The instrument mounts in a standard 3 1/4" hole. Mounted against the front of the panel. Extensive technical information about the AN/ARN21 TACAN system is given at the Vintage Avionics web site of Koos Bouwknecht.

ID-250 RMI

ID-250 Radio magnetic indicator with green lettering. Extensive technical information about the AN/ARN21 TACAN system is given at the Vintage Avionics web site of Koos Bouwknecht.

ID-250 RMI

ID-250 Radio magnetic indicator with white lettering. Extensive technical information about the AN/ARN21 TACAN system is given at the Vintage Avionics web site of Koos Bouwknecht.

Engine, fuel, hydraulic pressure and other instruments


These instruments are used to monitor the engines operation, flight time, flaps and landing gear operation, fuel quantity and consumption, etc.

EGT gauge Lewis

Exhaust gas temperature (EGT) indicator. Exhaust gas temperature is measured with Cr/Al thermocouples that are directly connected to the indicator. The manufacturer is Lewis Co. This is one with a round flange, the normal flange was mounted in different panels as well. Fits in a standard 3 1/4" mounting hole.

Flaps gauge

Flaps gauge. The word "degrees" appears in blue-green under the pointer. Fits in a standard 2 1/4" hole. Mounted against the front of the panel.

Hydraulic press

Oil pressure gauge (0-100 PSI).


Fuel pressure

Fuel pressure gauge (0-600 PSI)

Fuel quantity

Fuel Quantity gauge.

Hydraulic press

Hydraulic pressure gauge (Autolite).

Accelerometer

Burton accelerometer, scale -4 to 10 g. Fits in a standard 2 1/4" hole. Mounted against the front of the lower right subpanel.

8-day clock

Mechanical aircraft clock (Type A-13A-1, Spec. MIL-C-6499D). Made by Waltham Precision Instruments, Waltham, Massachussets, USA.

Oxygen pressure

The oxygen pressure gauge (2") is located on the left sub-panel next to the blinker gauge. Specification MIL-G-60198. AN6021-1B. US Gauge Part AW 1 7/8-27-D5. MFRS serial no. PO(36-600)65-12116.

Oxygen flow indicator

Oxygen flow gauge (blinker) located on the left subpanel next to the oxygen pressure gauge. Delco Radio Division, G.M. Corp. Type A-3. MFRS. ASSy Part No. 1506523. Order No. AF-ac-29316

Cabin pressure altitude indicator

Cabin pressure altitude indicator (0-50,000 ft.), located on one of the sub-panles in some aircraft. The Lackner Co, USA. Order No. AF 33 (038)-23412. MFR's Part No. AC-106.

Remaining fuel counter

The "Fuel Remaining" indicator. The fuel quantity counter records fuel flow through a flowmeter in the engine fuel system. The counter dial must be set to read the amount of usable fuel in the airplane each time the tanks are filled. It should not be set after the DC bus is energised unless the fuel gauge circuit breaker is pulled. Each time the DC bus is energised the counter will indicate a loss of 2 gallons. It does not count fuel released when tip tanks are jettisoned, fuel siphoned overboard, automatic starting fuel (5 gallons), warm fuel boiling off or excessive vapourisation.

DC load meter

The generator load meter (Bulova Type G-1, USA) is an ammeter for which the scale is calibrated to -0.1 to 1.25 times the generator rated output to show generator load on DC system no. 1. It is used in combination with a 500 mV generator shunt.

Position indicator wheels

One of the three position indicators to show landing gear position. Indicator, Symbol Indicating, Symbol/Diag/Up, Penn Keystone Corp. Ansonia, CONN, USA. Part no. SA1103-287L1. Symbols are a wheel for gear down and locked, diagonal stripes when the DC bus is not energised or when wheels are in an intermediary position and the word UP when the gear is up and locked. The position indicators are mounted against the back of the panel with two bolts. The flange diameter is about 5/8" (1.8 cm). The distance between the mounting holes is 1" (2.7 cm).

Left and right console control panels


Control panels operate the communications equipment, IFF equipment, etc.

TACAN

TACAN control panel (width about 5 5/8"). Hoffman Electronics Co., C-1763/ARN-21A. Extensive technical information about the AN/ARN21 TACAN system is given at the Vintage Avionics web site of Koos Bouwknecht.

ADF radio

ADF radio control box C1513/A, ARN-6. North American Philips Co. Inc.

Interphone panel

Interphone control panel. Bridge Electronics Co. Inc. C-824A/AIC-10.

Compass

J4 Compass control panel (width about 5 5/8").

UHF panel

UHF control panel (width about 5 5/8") C-1904/ARC-27.

UHF

C-628/ARC-27 UHF control panel (width about 5 5/8").

VHF/NAV

VHF/NAV control panel (width about 5 5/8").

SIF

SIF control panel (width about 5 5/8"). Jackson Electric Instr. Co. C-1158/APX-25.

IFF

The C-1128/APX-25 IFF control panel (width about 5 5/8").

T-33 Links

Other links

If you want to comment on this page, please contact me by e-mail at aviation@watergeek.eu.



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